Root Canal Step by Step Procedure

Root Canal Step by Step Procedure

May 01, 2020

There are a lot of myths and misconceptions among people that the root canal is a highly painful procedure. However, it is not as painful as the tooth pain itself before the process. It is done by numbing the area, thereby making it a pain-free experience for the patients.

This dental procedure helps in saving teeth by treating infection and repairing the badly decayed or infected tooth. Remember, it is important to treat the decayed tooth immediately otherwise the tissue around the tooth will become infected and an abscess can form.

Furthermore, this therapy has evolved into a comfortable treatment with the help of modern techniques and technology. It can be easily completed within one to two trips by your endodontic.

In the age of anesthesia and technology, the procedure has become pain-free, quick and safe.If you are facing severe tooth decay, make an appointment at ESP Dental Clinic to get the best recommendation for your endodontic care.

What Are the Symptoms?

It is really important to treat the tooth decay because an untreated cavity can lead to severe infection resulting in tooth removal.

Let’s delve into why you need to get it:

  • If you have persistent pain in your tooth that bothers you all the time, then early treatment and diagnosis lead to a better outcome.
  • If your tooth hurts while eating warm foods or taking hot drinks or if you feel sensitive to ice cream or chilled drinks, that’s a sign that you have the sensitivity to hot and cold and you need medical care.
  • If you notice a change in the color of your tooth due to some injury or infection, then it’s time to call your dentist.
  • If you have swollen gums near a painful tooth or a persistent gum boil or pimple on your gum.
  • If you feel severe pain while eating or touching.
  • In the case of a chipped or cracked tooth, bacteria can build up leading to infection.
  • If your tooth is mobile that could be due to underlying infection.

If you see any of these symptoms then it is the time to call your doctor.

Step by Step Procedure

Root canal therapy is generally given by an endodontics doctor that specializes in the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of the injury in the human dental nerve or pulp of the tooth.

The first step involves taking the X-ray of your tooth to see the shape of the canal and determine any signs of infections.

Then the dentist will give anesthesia to have a pain free experience and places a rubber dam to isolate the tooth and protect the rest of the mouth.

The dental specialist removes the pulp from the chamber and treats the area using very small instruments.Then the doctor cleans and gives shape to the canals for filling and supporting the tooth.

After that he or she will also put an antimicrobial solution in the chamber to kill any remaining bacteria and reduce the risk of infection.

Then the root canals are filled with a rubber-like substance called gutta-percha and then the tooth is sealed using adhesive.For the healing process, a temporary filling is done on top of the tooth to protect it from inside.

After the procedure, you will have to revisit to check for:

  • Healing around the bone near the tooth
  • To carry out permanent restoration on the tooth
  • To place a permanent crown

The tooth is then back to functioning and should not cause pain. If you still feel pain, call the skilled endodontistnearby for further evaluation.


Sometimes people report pain and sensitivity after canal surgery. It could be if a tissue around the gums remains swollen, or there is tissue damage due to dental instrument.

Sometimes the tooth filling is done a bit higher than the normal. This may make the mouth harder to bite on the spot, thereby making the tooth sore.

Remember, if the sensitivity and discomfort don’t get better within a few days, then you must call your endodontic right away for the evaluation.

You can avoid revisits to the medical specialist if you remain vigilant and follow proper oral hygiene. Brush and floss your teeth regularly and go for dental check-ups twice a year.